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Cover Crop Seed

Testimonial …

“When I decided to start no-tilling and using cover crops I wanted to work with a seed dealer who was into more than just selling seeds. I wanted somebody who was willing to think outside the box with me and come up with innovative solutions to benefit my soils and ultimately my bottom line. I was attending every no-till/cover crop seminar and conference that I could and I kept running into Dave and the folks at Elk Mound Seed. After striking up a conversation that extended into many phone calls back and forth I knew I had my guy. It has been a pleasure talking soils, crops, and anything else when it comes to farming. I believe conservation and production agriculture do not have to fight each other and it is with that motto that I will continue to work with Elk Mound Seed to continue on this path of regenerating my soil health.”
Ashly S. (Cadott, WI)

Grasses

Hazlet Winter Rye – 50# / ASK

VNS Winter Rye – 50# / ASK

Winter rye is one of the most versatile cover crops. It suppresses weeds extremely well and ties up nitrogen close to the soil’s surface. Extremely productive.
tech-sheet

  • Cool season grass
  • Will germinate in soils as cold as 35°F
  • Can handle low fertility and acidic soils
  • Long planting window
  • Seed at 60-120 lbs/acre
  • Seeding depth ½-2″ deep

A cross between winter wheat and winter rye. This cross possess the desirable characteristics of both crops.

  • Cool season grass
  • Excellent yields and forage quality
  • Great winter hardiness
  • Seed at 100-120 lbs/acre
  • Seeding depth 1 1/2-2″
  • Cool season grass
  • Fibrous root system that prevents erosion
  • Excellent nutrient accumulator, especially N
  • When mixed with a legume, does an excellent job suppressing weeds
  • Makes an excellent, high quality forage, protein as high as 17%
  • Seeding rate 10-20 lbs/acre
  • Seeding depth 1/4-1/2″

tech-sheet

  • Cool season grass
  • An affordable biomass producer
  • Good nutrient uptake – Accumulates N, P, and K
  • Competes with weeds very well
  • An excellent companion crop with fall seeded legumes
  • Seeding rate 2-3 bu./acre
  • Seeding depth 1-2″

A very valuable cover crop. Wheat produces valuable grain, straw, as well as feed. Also great for weed suppression.

  • Variety: Decade
  • Can be sown with red clovers for nitrogen production
  • Seed at 60-120 lbs/acre
  • Seeding depth 1/2- 1 1/2″
  • Warm season grass
  • Excellent biomass producer
  • Supresses annual weeds such as velvetleaf, crabgrass, foxtail and more
  • Has shown some nematode suppression
  • Provides an abundance of high quality forage
  • Seed at 35-40 lbs/acre
  • Buckwheat and cow peas are great companion crops

Broadleaf

A great crop for green manure. Expect 2-3 tons of dry matter per acre in decent years.

  • Cool season broadleaf
  • Provides excellent weed suppression
  • Quick growing
  • Seed at 50-60 lbs/acre, 1” deep

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  • A cool season, annual that is classified as a broadleaf
  • Has narrow leaves, strong taproot and yellow flowers
  • Good heat and drought tolerance
  • Does not tolerate flooding well
  • Seed at 4-5 lbs/acre alone, 2-3 lbs/acre in mixes

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  • Annual broadleaf
  • Grows 12-36 inches tall
  • Prefers full sun and can tolerate various soil types
  • Works well for pollinators
  • Seed 5-7 lbs/acre (2-3 lbs/acre in mixes)

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These radishes benefit the soil by alleviating compaction, improving water filtration, increasing organic matter and providing great weed suppression.

  • Cool season broadleaf
  • Best performance occurs when paired with legumes
  • Plant at least 4-10 weeks before killing frost
  • Seed at 6-8 lbs/acre drilled alone or at 3-6 lbs/acre in mixes

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  • A cool season, annual that is classified as a brassica
  • Rapid growth, good for short growing windows
  • Has excellent grazing value late in the season
  • Seed at 4-6 lbs/acre alone, 2-3 lbs/acre in mixes

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Legumes

A cool-season, annual legume Balansa Clover is the most versatile of any annual clover.

  • Tolerates wide range of soil types
  • Quick to germinate
  • Massive taproot
  • Can grow up to 3 ft tall with stems as long as 10 ft
  • Capable of creating 100+ lbs of nitrogen an acre
  • Excellent forage for grazing or cutting
  • 50% Seed Coating
  • Seeding Rate: Drilled 5-6 lbs/acre Broadcasted 8-10 lbs/acre (in mixes 3-5 lbs/acre)

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Recognized by many as the “King of Cover Crops.” Can produce as much as 3 ton/acre of biomass and as much as 200# of nitrogen/acre.

  • Cool season legume
  • Unmatched biomass to nitrogen fixing yields
  • A non-bloating clover
  • Seed at 8-12 lbs/acre alone or 4-6 lbs/acre in mixes

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This annual summer clover provides rapid robust growth along with approximately 50-60 lbs/acre of nitrogen per acre by mid-November.

  • Count on up to 1,500 lbs dry matter with crimson clover as a plow down.
  • Seed at 15-18 lbs/acre

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An excellent legume when trying to build nitrogen as well as biomass. Great for weed suppression and as a soil conditioner.

  • Cool season legume
  • Earn up to 100 lbs/acre of nitrogen
  • Seed at 15-20 lbs/acre

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  • Great nitrogen builder
  • Very efficient water usage
  • Good biomass production and rapid breakdown of residue
  • Can be planted with annual ryegrass, oats, or wheat
  • Seed at 60-100 lbs/acre

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Best suited for plowdown situations or emergency silage. Can produce as much N as medium red clover.

 

  • Single cut clover is susceptible to winterkill
  • Produces significant biomass
  • Inoculated with Nitragen Gold
  • Seed at 10-12 lbs/acre (4-6 in mixes)

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A tropical legume,sunn hemp can produce more than 5,000 lb. dry matter/A and 120 lb. N/A.

  • Sunn hemp is not winter hardy and a hard freeze easily kills it
  • Sow sunn hemp a minimum of nine weeks before the average date of the first fall freeze.
  • It can fill a narrow niche between harvest of a summer crop and planting of a fall cash or cover crop
  • Seed at 40 to 50 lbs/acre, with a cowpea type inoculant

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  • Biennial legume
  • Produces abundant biomass
  • The most drought tolerant of forage legumes
  • Best at extracting potassium, phosphorus and other soil nutrients
  • Deep root growth in 2nd year of crop
  • Works well with oats as a companion crop
  • Seed at 8-15 lbs/acre

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  • A warm season legume, builds N
  • Good weed-smothering capabilities
  • Attracts beneficial insects (ie honeybees)
  • A good protein source if used for feed
  • Seed at 30-90 lbs/acre

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Cover Crop Mixes

A mix formulated with two things in mind; Nitrogen fixing capabilities and biomass production. Expect excellent biomass production and more than 2000 lbs of dry matter/acre and as much as 200#/acre of Nitrogen. Seed at 12-15 lbs/acre.

  • 33% Crimson Clover
  • 33% Berseem Clover
  • 33% Mammoth Clover

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  • Provides excellent weed suppression
  • Great combination of Nitrogen building and accumulating capabilities
  • 50% Annual Ryegrass
  • 25% Buster Radish
  • 25% Crimson Clover
  • Seed at 12-15 lbs/acre 1/4-1/2″ depth

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Cover-Crop-Periodic-Table

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